What is the difference between an essay and a report?


Essays differ from reports in a number of ways:

  • Essays require the writer to argue, defend or justify a point of view with respect to a particular topic or question.  
  • An essay includes an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion.
  • In essays, headings are not normally used, so each new idea needs to be introduced within the paragraph structure.
  • In essays, bullet points and short phrases should be avoided.  Each new sentence should link to the previous one and each paragraph should link to the previous or next one. 



  • A Report is used to provide concise information, and in some cases, opinions on a specific subject.
  • A report usually includes an executive summary, introduction, body paragraphs, a conclusion and recommendations. However, report structure and format may vary depending on the intended audience. Please consult your assessment brief or learning facilitator if you are unsure.
  • Each section has a heading.
  • The recommendations may be listed in bullet point format.
  • Last Updated Jul 21, 2021
  • Views 355
  • Answered By Library Torrens

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